Tools Needed for Major Appliance Repair

Below is a list of the basic tools you will need to do almost all major appliance repairs. Washer tub bearing replacement and other major repairs that require specialty tools, should be left to the professionals. If you have a front load washer for example that sounds like a freight train when it is spinning, not a thumping noise but a roar, there's a good possibility that you have a main tub bearing that is defective. This is the type of job that should be left to the professionals. For most other repairs, a basic set of hand tools, and a good digital multimeter is all you need to do most major appliance repairs.

Digital Multimeter
Fixappliance.com recommends a digital multimeter over an analog meter because you are less likely to make mistakes, using a digital meter. And besides, a digital multimeter can be purchased at your local Radio Shack, for under $49. A digital multimeter is used to check electricity, both AC and DC. It is also used to check for resistance using Ohms. The way a digital multimeter measures the resistance of a load is by sending out a small amount of electricity from the battery inside the meter, through the leads, in one side of the load and out the other. The meter calculates the amount of electrons that were available to go out, and compares that to the number of electrons that came back. It displays the results of that calculation on the digital display, in the form of a unit of measure called ohms. And don't forget to get alligator clips for your meter test leads. Alligator clips slip on the ends of the test leads using friction and allow you to connect the meter securely to test for electricity, or resistance.

Socket Set
A basic socket set consisting of both standard and metric sockets is about all you will need to do most appliance repairs. Fixappliance.com recommends that you use a socket set based on a 3/8 inch ratchet. That's because a 1/4 inch ratchet, is not always hardy enough to get the job done. Furthermore, a socket set that uses a 1/2 inch drive ratchet will be too cumbersome, and in some cases, simply won't fit in the area that it needs to go.

Nut Driver Set
Nut drivers are used a lot by appliance service technicians. Nut drivers are basically a deep well socket, with a screwdriver handle, that allows it to be operated like a screwdriver. We recommend that you have available to you a nut driver set, that has both standard and metric nut drivers. Rarely would you use a nut driver to turn a nut or bolt that is above 3/8 of an inch. A lot of appliance service technicians today use a drill or a screwgun, along with sockets to remove and replace exterior panels. It certainly saves a lot of time, however you should use caution especially when using a drill. A drill usually does not have a brake to stop it from turning. This can result in damage to an exterior panel that is being reinstalled after a repair is complete.

Basic Screwdriver
You'll also need a set of basic screwdrivers, mostly a good Philips head screwdriver. Today appliances are manufactured using Philips head screws. Using Philips head screws facilitates the manufacturing process. Rarely when working on a major appliance today will you find the need for a flat blade screwdriver. That is to say, you won't be using the screwdriver for turning screws, you will be using it as a small prybar most likely, so you should have it available. A small and medium Phillips head screwdriver are recommended.

Pliers
You will need some good hearty pliers, especially needle nose pliers. In addition to that, you will need a larger set of slip joint adjustable pliers for removing clamps from hoses. As you can see from the list above, you probably have most of the items already available to you in your garage or workshop, to complete most major appliance repairs.